PENGARUH PAPARAN ASAP ROKOK DAN KEPADATAN HUNIAN RUMAH TERHADAP TIMBULNYA PENYAKIT PNEUMONIA PADA KELOMPOK UMUR 3-12 BULAN
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PENELITI :

Ahsin Fikri

PROGRAM STUDI PENDIDIKAN DOKTER FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN UNIVERSITAS AIRLANGGA SURABAYA (2010)


ABSTRAK :

THE EFFECT OF CIGARETTE SMOKE EXPOSURE AND THE DENSITY OF RESIDENTIAL HOUSES ON THE OCCURENCE OF PNEUMONI IN THE AGE GROUP 3 -12 MONTHS 

Background
Pneumonia is an infectious disease remains a health problem in Indonesia and the high prevalence of this disease in infants and children in the age group 3-12 months.

Objectives
The purpose of this study is to analyze the effect of cigarette smoke exposure and the density of residential houses in the age group of 3 -12 months at Dr Soetomo General Hospital Surabaya.

Materials and Methods
This study used cross-sectional design with simple random selected. Samples were taken from 30 infants who were divided into two groups: (1) 15 infants with pneumonia and (2) 15 infants without pneumonia. Data sample taken from their mothers using a questionnaire, which took place at Dr. Soetomo General Hospital Surabaya from July until August 2010. Data analysis was performed using cross tabulation with. This research the effect of independent variables on the dependent variable and estimated risk (odds ratio) of the cause of pneumonia in infants.

Results
showed that the effect of cigarette smoke exposure OR = 1.00 (95% CI = 0.232 to 4.310), the density of residential house OR = 1.333 (95% CI = 0.301 to 5.915) affect the occurrence pneumoni in the age group 3-12 months . Risk factors are not seen as low value below 1, in which case the risk factor under study is not risk factor for incidence of a disease but a protective factor that can reduce the incidence of disease. Based on statistical analysis, interpreted the between risk factor and the effect is not significant

Conclusion
the conclusion shows that the effect of cigarette smoke exposure and the density of residential houses is the prevalence of pneumonia in infants.

 

 

Pemutakhiran Terakhir ( Kamis, 23 Agustus 2012 02:36 )
 

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